Insulin Resistance Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. This can lead to high blood sugar levels, which over time can damage the body’s organs and tissues. Various scientific studies have shown that adult weight gain is strongly associated with […]
Do you know the difference between chronological and biological age and that we can reduce our biological age through lifestyle changes and diet?
Age is more than just a number, and understanding the difference between chronological age and biological age can make a significant difference in promoting optimal ageing. Chronological age is simply the number of years a person has been alive, whereas biological age takes into account physiological measurements that assess how old a person’s body appears. […]
What is ARFID? ARFID is a relatively new eating disorder that was added to the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) in 2013. ARFID is characterised by a persistent avoidance of food or restriction of food intake without the use of compensatory behaviours, such as purging or overexercising. It is a disorder that […]
Skin health: how do Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) cause skin sagging, and why is dairy believed to contribute to acne?
AGEs cause skin sagging by damaging collagen and elastin fibres that provide structure and elasticity to the skin. Collagen and elastin are proteins that give the skin its firmness and elasticity and help to keep the skin smooth and wrinkle-free. However, as we age, collagen and elastin fibres are gradually broken down by enzymes in […]
What is nutrigenomics, and can it be used to make personalised nutrition recommendations in clinical practice?
Nutrigenomics is the study of how nutrients in the diet interact with an individual’s genetic make-up to affect their health (1). It combines knowledge from nutrition and genetics to understand how different nutrients and food components can affect gene expression, which can influence the development of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cancer. The […]
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterised by high blood sugar levels due to the body’s inability to use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar properly. It is the most common form of diabetes. It is caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as being overweight or obese, having a […]
A vegan diet is a plant-based diet that avoids all animal foods, including fish, meat, shellfish, dairy, eggs and honey. Whereas vegans were once considered a group of hippies, veganism has now become mainstream. Vegan food options are everywhere, and there is no longer a need to hunt down vegan options or a vegan cafe […]
Most people are familiar with probiotics and their health benefits. Nowadays, they can be found in many supermarkets and most health stores. Of the probiotic species, the most well-known, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria, can also be found in fermented foods such as kefir, kombucha and tempeh. Lately, however, Akkermansia Muciniphilia (AK Muciniphilia), another microbe species, is […]
SIBO is a condition in which an excessive amount of bacteria is present in the small intestine (1). This can lead to various symptoms, such as abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and malnutrition. The small intestine is usually relatively free of bacteria, but in SIBO, bacteria typically found in the large intestine migrate into the […]
Natural immunity is the immunity that an individual is born with or acquires naturally, as opposed to immunity that is acquired through artificial means such as vaccination. The body can recognise and fight off harmful pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses, through the actions of various immune cells and molecules (1). The body’s first line […]
Lectins are a type of protein found in many plant foods, including legumes (beans, lentils, chickpeas, peas), grains (barley, quinoa, rice) and nightshades (potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants). They play a role in the plant’s defence mechanisms, helping to protect them against pests and disease (1). Some lectins can bind to certain sugars on the surface […]
What is the difference between gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance, and coeliac disease, and does scientific evidence suggest that gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance is, in fact, a growing problem?
Unlike coeliac disease (CD), which is widely recognised and accepted by the scientific community as a serious autoimmune disorder, non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a topic of much debate among the public and in the media. It refers to a scenario whereby people who do not have CD or wheat allergy (WA) experience a wide […]